Peer-reviewed Publications

Fortuin, C.C., McCarty, E., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2020.  Acute contact with imidacloprid in soil affects the nesting and survival success of a solitary wild bee, Osmia lignaria.  Submitted.

 

Munro, H.L., Montes, C.R., Kinane, S., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2020.  Through space and time: predicting populations of an eruptive pest and predator.  Submitted.

 

Fortuin, C.C., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2020.  Osmia lignaria (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) produce larger and heavier blueberries than honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae).  Submitted.

McNichol, B.H., Sullivan, B.T., Munro, H.L., Montes, C.R., Nowak, J.T., Villari, C., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2020.  Phenotypic plasticity in an eruptive bark beetle and and its value in predicting outbreaks.  Ecosphere, in revision.

 

Vogt, J.T., Gandhi, K.J.K., Olatinwo, R., Bragg, D., and Klepzig, K.D.  2020.  Impacts of weather-related disturbances on forest structure and composition, and associated insects and fungi in the southern U.S. forests.  USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, General Technical Report.  DOI: 10.2737/SRS-GTR-255.

 

Munro, H.L., Gandhi, K.J.K., Barnes, B.F., Montes, C.R., Nowak, J.T., Shepherd, W.P., Villari, C., and Sullivan, B.T.  2020.  Electrophysiological and behavioral responses of two bark beetles, Dendroctonus frontalis and D. terebrans (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), to odors of host pines (Pinus spp.).  Chemoecology, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00049-020-00311-7.   

 

Schulz, A.N., Mech, A.M., Allen, C.R., Ayres, M.P., Gandhi, K.J.K., Gurevitch, J., Havill, N.P., Herms, D.A., Hufbauer, R.A., Liebhold, A.M., Raffa, K.F., Raupp, M.J., Thomas, K.A., Tobin, P.C., and Marsico, T.D.  2020.  Evaluating expert assessment of non-native insect impacts on North American conifers.  NeoBiota 55: 61-83.  https://doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.55.38981.

 

Bonello, P., Campbell, F., Cipollini, D., Conrad, A., Farinas, C., Gandhi, K.J.K., Hain, F., Parry, D., Schowalter, D., Villari, C., and Wallin, K.  2020.  Invasive tree pests devastate ecosystems – time to fix a flawed response framework.  Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, https://doi.org/10.3389/ffgc.2020.00002.

Silva, A.E., Barnes, B.F., Coyle, D.R., Abernethy, E.F., Turner, K.L., Rhodes, O.E., Beasley, J.C., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2020.  Effects of industrial disturbances on biodiversity of carrion-associated beetles.  Science of the Total Environment, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135158.

Mech, A.M., Thomas, K.A., Marsico, T.D., Herms, D.A., Allen, C.R., Ayres, M.P., Gandhi, K.J.K., Gurevitch, J., Havill, N.P., Hufbauer, R.A., Liebhold, A.M., Raffa, K.F., Schulz, A.N., Uden, D.R., and Tobin, P.C.  2019.  Evolutionary history predicts invasive high-impact herbivorous insects.  Ecology and Evolution, https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5709.

 

Whitney, T.D., Gandhi, K.J.K., Hamrick, J.L., and Lucardi, R.D.  2019. Extant population genetic variation and structure of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) in the Southern Appalachians.  Tree Genetics and Genome 15:74, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11295-019-1380-3.

Whitney, T.D., Gandhi, K.J.K., and Lucardi, R.D.  2019.  Native or non-native? Historical biogeography of an emergent forest pest, Matsucoccus macrocicatrices.  Journal of Biogeography, https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13702.

 

Coyle, D.R., Barnes, B.F., Klepzig, K.D., Koch, F.H., Morris, L.A., Nowak, J.T., Otrosina, W.J., Smith, W.D., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2019.  Abiotic and biotic factors affecting loblolly pine health in the southeastern U.S.  Forest Science, doi: 10.1093/forsci/fxz054.

McNichol, B.H., Montes, C.R., Barnes, B.F., Nowak, J.T., Villari, C., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2019.  Interactions between southern Ips bark beetle outbreaks, prescribe fire, and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) mortality.  Forest Ecology and Management 446: 164-174.

Munro, H.L., Sullivan, B.T., Villari, C., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2019.  A review of the ecology and management of black turpentine beetle, Dendroctonus terebrans Olivier (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).  Environmental Entomology, https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvz050.

 

Gandhi, K.J.K., Campbell, F., and Abrams, J.  2019.  Current status of forest health policy in the U.S.  Insects 10: 106; doi:10.3390/insects10040106.

Elsensohn, J.E., Anderson, T., Cryan, J.R., Durham, T., Gandhi, K.J.K., Gordon, J., Krell, R.K., Pimsler, M.L., Rivers, A., and Spafford, H.  2019.  From research to policy: scientists speaking for science.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 112: 75-78.

 

Bookwalter, J., Riggins, J.J., Dean, J.F.D., Mastro, V.C., Schimleck, L.R., Sullivan, B.T., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2019.  Colonization and development of Sirex noctilio (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) in bolts of seven species of pine of the southeastern United States.  Journal of Entomological Science 54: 1-18.

 

Klooster, W.S., Gandhi, K.J.K., Long, L., Perry, K.I., Rice, K., and Herms, D.A.  2018.  Ecological impacts of emerald ash borer in forests at the epicenter of the invasion in North America.  Forests, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/f9050250.

Perry, K., Herms, D.A., Klooster, W.S., Smith, A., Hartzler, D., Coyle, D.R., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2018.  Downed coarse woody debris dynamics in ash (Fraxinus spp.) stands invaded by emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire).  Forests, DOI: 10.3390/f9040191.

Schulz, A., Mech, A.M., Asaro, C., Coyle, D.R., Cram, M.M., Lucardi, R.D., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2018.  Association of Caliciopsis pinea Peck and Matsucoccus macrocicatrices Richards with eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) seedling dieback.  Forest Ecology and Management 423: 70-83.

Whitney, T.D., Cram, M.M., Barnes, B.F., Yao, J., Lucardi, R.D., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2018.  Tree-level distribution of a novel insect-pathogen complex and its potential contribution to eastern white pine dieback.  Forest Ecology and Management 423: 49-58.

Schulz, A., Mech, A.M., Asaro, C., Coyle, D.R., Cram, M.M., Lucardi, R.D., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2018.  Assessment of abiotic and biotic factors associated with eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) dieback in the southern Appalachian Mountains.  Forest Ecology and Management 423: 59-69.

Costanza, K., Whitney, T.D., McIntire, C.D., Livingston, W.H., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2018.  Emerging health issues of the eastern white pine (Pinus strobus) in North America.  Forest Ecology and Management 423: 3-17.

Robertson, D.J., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2018. Morphology of male and female antennal sensilla of Ibalia leucospoides ensiger (Norton) (Hymenoptera: Ibaliidae).  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 111: 13-20.

Mech, A.M., Tobin, P.C., Teskey, R.O., Rhea, J.R., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2018.  Decreased survivorship of non-native forest insect under increasing temperatures. Biological Invasions 20: 365-374.

Gandhi, K.J.K., Barnes, B.F., Coyle, D.R., Klepzig, K.D., Koch, F.H., Morris, L., Nowak, J.T., Otrosina, W.J., and Smith, W.D.  2017.  Interactions among abiotic and biotic factors affecting the health of pine forests in the southeastern U.S.  Eds. K.M. Potter and B.L. Conkling.  In:  Forest Health Monitoring: National status, trends, and analysis 2016, USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, General Technical Report SRS-222, pp. 169-174. 

 

Baker, S.C., Strengbom, J., Wardlaw, T.J., Kern, C., Edgar, G.J., Thomson, R.J., Bigley, R.E., Franklin, J.F., Gandhi, K.J.K., Gustafsson, L., Johnson, S., Jordan, G.J., Palik, B., Spies, T.A., Steel, A.E., Weslien, J., and Halpern, C.B.  2016.  A cross-continental study of plant and beetle responses to retention of forest patches during timber harvest.  Ecological Applications 26: 2493-2504.

 

Helbig, C.E., Coyle, D.R., Klepzig, K.D., Nowak, J.T., and Gandhi, K.J.K.  2016.  Colonization dynamics of subcortical insects on stressed and unstressed loblolly pine trees.  Journal of Economic Entomology 109: 1729-1740.

Coyle, D.R., Green, G.T., Barnes, B.F., Klepzig, K.D., Nowak, J.T., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2016. Landowner and manager awareness and perceptions of pine health issues on their property in the southeastern U.S. Journal of Forestry 114: 541-551.

Pfammatter, J.A., Coyle, D.R., Gandhi, K.J.K., Hernandez, N., Hofstetter, R.W., Moser, J.C., and Raffa, K.F. 2015. Structure of phoretic mite assemblages across subcortical beetle species at a regional scale.  Environmental Entomology 45: 53-65.

Wilde, D.H., Gandhi, K.J.K., and Colson, G. 2015. State of the science and challenges of breeding landscape plants with ecological function. Nature: Horticulture Research 2, 14069, DOI: 10.1038/hortres.2014.69.

Coyle, D.R., Klepzig, K.D., Koch, F.H., Morris, L.A., Nowak, J.T., Oak, S.W., Otrosina, W.J., Smith, W.D., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2015. A review of southern pine decline in North America. Forest Ecology and Management 349: 134-148.

Coyle, D.R., Brissey, C., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2015. Species characterization and responses of subcortical insects to trap-logs and ethanol in a hardwood biomass plantation. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 17: 258-269.

Smith, A., Herms, D.A., Long, R.P., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2015. Community composition and structure had no effect on forest susceptibility to invasion by emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis). The Canadian Entomologist 147: 318-328. Special Issue on Emerald Ash Borer. Invited Paper.

Staeben, J.C., Sullivan, B.T., Nowak, J.T., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2015. Enantiospecific responses of southern pine beetle (Dendroctonus frontalis) and its clerid predator, Thanasimus dubius, to α-pinene. Chemoecology 25: 73-83.

Gandhi, K.J.K. 2015. Responses of saproxylic insects to forest fires and management in North America. Antenna: Special Edition of the journal, 10th European Congress of Entomology, York, U.K., pp. 66.

Chase, K.D., Gandhi, K.J.K., and Riggins, J.J. 2014. Effects of forest types and management on native woodwasps (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) in the southeastern U.S. Journal of Economic Entomology 107: 1142-1149.

Gandhi, K.J.K., Smith, A., Hartzler, D.M., and Herms, D.A. 2014. Indirect effects of ash mortality and subsequent gap formations due to emerald ash borer on epigaeic beetles. Environmental Entomology 43: 546-555.

Meeker, J.R., Johnson, C.W., Steiner, C.A., Bruce, W.W., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2014. Timing of adult emergence and flight period of Rhyssa howdenorum (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), a parasitoid of Sirex nigricornis (Hymenoptera: Siricidae), in central Louisiana. Journal of Entomological Science 49: 1-5.

Barnes, B.F., Meeker, J.R., Johnson, W., Asaro, C., Miller, D.R., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2014. Trapping techniques for siricids and their parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Siricidae and Ibaliidae) in the southeastern U.S. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 107: 119-127.

Klooster, W.S., Herms, D.A., Knight, K.S., Herms, C.P., McCullough, D.G., Smith, A., Gandhi, K.J.K., and Cardina, J. 2014. Ash (Fraxinus spp.) mortality, regeneration, and seed bank dynamics in mixed hardwood forests following invasion by emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis). Biological Invasions 16: 859-873. 

Mech, A.M., Asaro, C., Cram, M.M., Coyle, D.R., Gullan, P.J., Cook, L.G., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2013. Matsucoccus macrocicatrices (Hemiptera: Matsucoccidae): First report, distribution, and association with symptomatic eastern white pine in the southeastern U.S. Journal of Economic Entomology 106: 2391-2398. 

Coyle, D.R., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2013. Plantations. In: An Encyclopedia of Biomes and Ecosystems. Eds. R.W. Howarth and J.E. Mohan. Salem Press, Massachusetts, 1436 pp.

Coyle, D.R., Pickering, J., Dyer, K.A., Lehman, F.R., Mohan, J.E., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2013. Dynamics of an unprecedented outbreak of two native moth species, Cissusa spadix and Phoberia atomaris (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), on oak trees (Quercus spp.) in southeastern U.S.A.  American Entomologist 59: 78-90. Feature Article. 

Miller, D.R., Crowe, C.M., Barnes, B.F., Gandhi, K.J.K., and Duerr, D.A. 2013. Attaching lures to multiple-funnel traps targeting saproxylic beetles (Coleoptera) in pine stands: inside or outside funnels?  Journal of Economic Entomology 106: 206-214. 

Coyle, D.R., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2012. The ecology, behavior, and biological control potential of hymenopteran parasitoids of woodwasps (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) in North America. Environmental Entomology 41: 731-749. Invited Review.

 

Burke, J.L., Hanula, J.L., Horn, S., Audley, J.P., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2012. Efficacy of two insecticides for protecting loblolly pines (Pinus taeda L.) from subcortical beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae and Cerambycidae). Pest Management Science 68: 1048-1052. 

Burke, J., Maerz, J.C., Milanovich, J.R., Fisk, M.C., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2011. Invasion by exotic earthworms alters biodiversity and communities of litter- and soil-dwelling oribatid mites.  Diversity 3: 155-175. Special Issue of the Journal on Biological Invasions. 

Price, T., Brownell, K.A., Raines, M., Smith, C.L., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2011. Multiple detections of two exotic auger beetles of the genus Sinoxylon (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) in Georgia, USA. Florida Entomologist 94: 354-355. 

Ranger, C.M., Reding, M.E., Gandhi, K.J.K., Oliver, J.B., Schultz, P.B., Canas, L., and Herms, D.A. 2011. Species dependent influence of (-)-α-pinene on attraction of ambrosia beetles to ethanol-baited traps in nursery agroecosystems. Journal of Economic Entomology 104: 574-579. 

Stanosz, G.R., Smith, D.R., Sullivan, J., Mech, A., Gandhi, K.J.K., Dalusky, M.J., Mayfield, A.E., and Fraedrich, S.W. 2011. Shoot blight caused by Sirococcus tsugae on eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis). Plant Disease 95: 612.

Gandhi, K.J.K., Epstein, M.E., Koehle, J.J., and Purrington, F.P. 2011. A quarter of a century succession of epigaeic beetle assemblages in remnant habitats in an urbanized matrix. In: Erwin, T. (ed.), Proceedings of a symposium honoring the careers of Ross and Joyce Bell and their contributions to scientific work, Burlington, Vermont, 12-15 June 2010.  Zookeys 147: 667-689. 

Gandhi, K.J.K., Cognato, A.I., Lightle, D. M., Mosley, B. J., Nielsen, D. G., and Herms, D.A. 2010. Species composition, seasonal activity, and semiochemical response of native and exotic bark and ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in northeastern Ohio.  Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 1187-1195. 

Gandhi, K.J.K., and Herms, D.A. 2010a. Direct and indirect effects of invasive exotic insect herbivores on ecological processes and interactions in forests of eastern North America. Biological Invasions 12: 389-405. Invited paper in “Special Issue: population, community and ecosystem effects of exotic herbivores: A growing global concern”. 

Gandhi, K.J.K., and Herms, D.A. 2010b. Potential biodiversity loss due to impending devastation of the North American genus Fraxinus by the exotic emerald ash borer. Biological Invasions 12: 1839-1846. 

Kula, R.R., Knight, K.S., Rebbeck, J., Cappaert, D.L., Bauer, L.S., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2010. Leluthia astigma (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Doryctinae) as a parasitoid of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae: Agrilinae), with an assessment of host associations for Nearctic species of Leluthia Cameron. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 112: 246-257. 

Staeben, J., Clarke, S., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2010. The Black Turpentine Beetle. USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet, No. 12, pp. 8. URL: http://www.fs.fed.us/outernet/r6/nr/fid/fidls/fidl-12.pdf. 

Ulyshen, M.D., Horn, S., Barnes, B., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2010. Impacts of prescribed fire on saproxylic beetles in loblolly pine logs. Insect Conservation and Diversity. 3:247-251. 

Gandhi, K.J.K., Audley, J., Johnson, J., and Raines, M. 2009. Camphor shot borer, Xylosandrus mutilatus (Blandford) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), an adventive ambrosia beetle in Georgia. The Coleopterists Bulletin 63: 497-500. 

Gandhi, K.J.K., Gilmore, D.W., Haack, R.A., Katovich, S.A., Krauth, S.J., Mattson, W.J., Zasada, J.C., and Seybold, S.J. 2009. Application of semiochemicals to assess the biodiversity of subcortical insects following an ecosystem disturbance in a sub-boreal forest. Journal of Chemical Ecology 35: 1384-1410. 

Gandhi, K.J.K., Gilmore, D.W., Katovich, S.A., Mattson, W.J., Zasada, J.C., and Seybold, S.J. 2008. Catastrophic windstorm and fuel-reduction treatments alter ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) assemblages in a North American sub-boreal forest. Forest Ecology and Management 256: 1104-1123. 

Gandhi, K.J.K., and Herms, D.A. 2008. Report on the largest known occurrence of morphological anomalies in ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae). The Coleopterist Bulletin 62: 104-113. 

Lightle, D.M., Gandhi, K.J.K., Cognato, A.I., Mosley, B.J., Nielsen, D.G., and Herms, D.A. 2007 (published in October 2008). New reports of exotic and native ambrosia and bark beetle species (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) from Ohio. The Great Lakes Entomologist 40: 194-200. 

Silverman, B., Horn, D.J., Purrington, F.F., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2008. Oil pipeline corridor through an intact forest alters ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) assemblages in southeastern Ohio. Environmental Entomology 37: 725-733. 

Gandhi, K.J.K., Gilmore, D.W., Katovich, S.A., Mattson, W.J., Spence, J.R., and Seybold, S.J. 2007. Physical effects of weather disturbances on the abundance and diversity of forest insects in North American forests. Environmental Reviews 15: 113-152. 

Gandhi, K.J.K., Gilmore, D.W., Ball, G.E., Holzenthal, R.W., Katovich, S.A., Koehle, J.J., Larsen, K.J., Mattson, W.J., and Seybold, S.J. 2005. A review of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) of Minnesota, USA: New records and range extensions. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 107: 917-940. 

Gandhi, K.J.K., Spence, J.R., Langor, D.W., Morgantini, L.E., and Cryer, K.J. 2004. Harvest retention patches are insufficient as stand analogues of fire residuals for litter-dwelling beetles in northern coniferous forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34: 1319-1331. 

Gandhi, K.J.K. and Seybold, S.J. 2002. Tamarack (Pinaceae): previously unrecorded developmental host for pine engraver and eastern fivespined ips (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). The Canadian Entomologist 134: 299-302. 

Gandhi, K.J.K., Spence, J.R., Langor, D.W. and Morgantini, L.E. 2001. Fire residuals as habitat reserves for epigaeic beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae and Staphylinidae). Biological Conservation 102: 131-141. 

Spence, J.R., Buddle, C.M., Gandhi, K.J.K., Langor, D.W., Volney, J., Hammond, J.H.E., Pohl, G. 1999. Invertebrate biodiversity, forestry and emulation of natural disturbance: a down-to-earth perspective. In Proceedings: Pacific Northwest forest and rangeland soil organism symposium. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-461. Eds. R. Meurisse, W. Ypsilantis and C. Sebold. USDA, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, Oregon. Pp. 80-90.

Other Publications (select)

Gandhi, K.J.K., Livingston, W.H., and Munck, I.A.  2018.  Special Issue: Resilience and health of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus) forests under novel and historical factors in North America.  Editorial Paper.  Forest Ecology and Management 423: 1-2.

Gandhi, K.J.K.  2015.  The best decision I ever made.  Science 350: 1122.

Book Chapters (select)

Nowak, J.T., Klepzig, K.D., Coyle, D.R., Carothers, W.A., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2016. Southern pine beetles in central hardwood forests: frequency, spatial extent, and changes to forest structure. In: Natural Disturbances and Historic Variation in Central Hardwood Forests.  Eds. Cathryn H. Greenberg and Beverly S. Collins. Springer.  Pp. 73-88.

 

Coyle, D.R., and Gandhi, K.J.K. 2013. Plantations. In: An Encyclopedia of Biomes and Ecosystems. Eds. R.W. Howarth and J.E. Mohan. Salem Press, Massachusetts.  Pp. 138-142.

Outreach Papers (select)

Gandhi, K.J.K., Klepzig, K.D., Barnes, B.F., Gochnour, B., McCarty, E., Sheehan, T.N., Villari, C., and Vogt, J.T.  2019.  Bark and woodboring beetles in wind-damaged pine stands in southern United States.  Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia, and The Jones Center at Ichauway, Outreach Series, WSFNR-19-38.

McCarty, E., Cassidy, V., Gandhi, K.J.K., and Villari, C.  2019.  Nantucket pine tip moth: an insect pest of young pine stands.  Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia, Outreach Series, WSFNR-19-34.  

Daniel B. Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, 180 E Green Street, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602
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